We are sure that practically all of you who are reading this like the mountain, in one way or another you approach it through the trails, ravines or steep walls, entering an isolated natural environment and sometimes hostile not exempt of dangers, for that reason from the Department of Sports of Orihuela we have developed behavioral guidelines attending to the most common causes that originate accidents in the mountains, so that fun and safety go hand in hand.
Prepare your itinerary
Choose / choose the itinerary in advance, which will lead you to avoid improvisation, as well as to change your route if you notice that it does not meet the appropriate conditions for your abilities.
- Mark or point out your route on a map, this will help you to position yourself precisely on the ground, you will be able to follow the itinerary on the map and it will allow you to find alternative or escape routes in the event of any eventuality.
- Ask yourself if you have enough skills to be able to orient yourself in the environment where the itinerary takes place. Get used to following the itinerary on a map when you do it for the first time interpreting the terrain.
- Calculate the basic data of the route: slopes, distances and schedules adapted to the group / athlete. Apply break times and 20% extra security time. Adapt the schedule of the activity to end with enough hours of sunlight in case an incident occurs at the last minute of the scheduled activity.
Gear up properly
Everything that we have not put in the backpack we will not be able to use, prepare the equipment you will need. There will be many "just in case", only training and experience will teach us to decide how far but always try to be conservative. We can organize the material in:
- Footwear and clothing. To enter the mountain, you need footwear and clothing that help and protect us on the ground, using a breathable inner layer, a thermal or insulating layer, whose mission is to provide heat in order to collect the moisture expelled from the first layer. and an outer layer, made up of waterproof, breathable, and windproof membrane jackets, whose mission is to prevent rain and wind from entering the interior, and in turn can evacuate interior moisture.
- Refreshments. Water according to the expected meteorology and easily assimilated food, ingesting it in small quantities and on a regular basis.
- First aid, safety and survival material. We must carry a first-aid kit, mountain front, mobile phone with the battery charged, turned off or in airplane mode, personal documentation and a sufficiently large and resistant thermal blanket to build ourselves a shelter in case of emergency.
Check the weather forecast
When we review the forecast, ask yourself the following questions: Is it going to rain on the route? What will be the minimum or maximum temperature? Is it going to be windy? In what direction? What relative humidity is there? Remember that for the same temperature the sensation of cold can increase by increasing the wind speed or increase the sensation of heat by increasing the relative humidity.
Know your limits
Before choosing the activity and before starting it, you should ask yourself the following questions: How difficult is the activity we are going to do? Are all the members of the group above the demands of the activity? Is there anyone with medical conditions to watch out for? A simple constipation can reduce your attention span and your level of normal physical condition, or in the same case the fact that we have an allergic predisposition to certain flowering plants. The progressive approach to activities is recommended as it helps us to know ourselves.
Let someone know where you are going
Think before you go out. Would I miss you or could someone help you if you are alone? And how much time do you have to receive help? Before going out to do the activity, leave the following information to someone responsible:
- Date and time of departure, as well as arrival.
- Details of how to contact you directly.
- Model and registration of your car and place where you are going to park it.
- Explain the route on the map and leave the track with him if possible.
- If you go in a group, give them the details of this, and when you return, notify the contact person.
REMEMBER, IN THE MOUNTAIN YOU ARE THE GREATEST RESPONSIBLE FOR YOUR SAFETY.
Click here to access the source used (SECURITY CODE FOR THE MOUNTAIN OF THE SECURITY COMMITTEE OF THE FEDME)