Activities in the natural environment->Mountain range Orihuela->Facility phone and concierge
Facility phone and concierge

 

The Mountain Range from Orihuela is a mountainous alignment located between the southern limit of the province of Alicante and the eastern end of Murcia. It belongs to the Bajo Segura region, in particular to the municipalities of Orihuela and Santomera.

Orihuela is flanked by two landscapes of great contrasts, the Vega and the Sierra. The Sierra, which represents an essential part of the landscape of Orihuela and its inhabitants, was declared a Site of Community Interest (SCI) by the Generalitat Valenciana in 2002, being included in the Natura 2000 Network. In 1999 and 2005 two Flora microreserves (Rincón de Bonanza and Barranco de la Higuera-El Valle), and in 2009 it became part of a Special Protection Area for Birds (ZEPA). In addition to the recognized values ??for fauna and flora, the value of its geological heritage, as in the rest of the natural spaces of the Valencian Community, usually goes almost unnoticed. The Sierra de Orihuela has a varied and rich geodiversity that makes it a privileged place for activities of dissemination and teaching of Geology. In the mountains and the surroundings of Orihuela you can see folds, hot springs and remains of old mining activities, or panoramic views of the Bajo Segura fault.

Sports activities such as hiking are growing considerably in the Sierra de Orihuela. Knowing the values of the Sierra and de la Vega will help to value, if possible more, their privileged natural environment.

Its moderate altitude, which does not exceed 634 m measured at its geodesic vertex located in the Peña Orihuela, does not prevent a steep orography of difficult access with extreme slopes, topped by narrow and stony valleys or deep ravines.

The close relationship established between the geological characteristics of their soils, the structure and composition of the plant and animal species that develop in them, forces us to consider, even if only in a brief way, the different geological, lithological and geomorphological elements present. in mountains.

Located in the Betic Zone, the name by which the eastern end of the Betic Cordillera is known, the Sierra de Orihuela is a calcareous massif with an elongated and relatively narrow shape, aligned from SW to NE. It is the only outcrop, next to the neighboring Sierra de Callosa, of these characteristics (alpine facies) in the entire Valencian Community. Its oldest materials date from the Permian (quartzites and slate), in the Paleozoic, although the most abundant are of Triassic origin (limestones), between 230 and 180 million years ago.

The presence of numerous faults and folds forms a steep landscape of steep slopes with highly variable orientation slopes and insolation regime, which implies the existence of plant communities adapted to different environmental conditions according to their light and humidity needs.

Orihuela's climate is typically Mediterranean, enjoying approximately 325 sunny days each year, reaching an average of 3,000 hours of sunshine a year and an average temperature that easily exceeds 20 degrees in the municipality.

The proximity of the Mediterranean Sea and the layout of the N-S coastline mean that there is a fairly notable predominance of the Levante wind, although the system of sea breezes affects the wind direction being variable. This variability marks as general guidelines the predominance of winds coming from the west (west wind related to the atmospheric circulation of middle latitudes) or from the Northwest in winter, and from the east and southeast in summer, reinforced by the sea breezes.

Summers are usually hot with little or no rain. Temperatures range from 25 degrees Celsius to 35 degrees Celsius during the day. Temperatures at night rarely drop below 15 degrees Celsius.

In winter the climate in the municipality is very mild, most of the days being clear and sunny with little rainfall. Temperatures can vary greatly in winter, going from one day to the next from 20 degrees Celsius to 6 degrees Celsius, causing a very cold thermal sensation due to the high humidity in the area.

In autumn there is a pluviometric peak, where October is the rainiest month. These rains can be torrential in nature and cause flooding, because at this time of year the Levante storms coincide with a large storage of heat energy in seawater. The humidity of the wind flows and the thermo-connective energy contributed by the sea to the atmosphere is potentially high, which means that the episodes of falls detached in height (popularly known as cold drops) have their most spectacular effects in these months. This fact causes the appearance of heavy rain concentrated in a short space of time, with the risk that this entails for the flood of the main collector of the region, the Segura river.

In spring, especially from mid-March, there may be cloudy days with the probability of some rain, being highly variable and alternating clear and sunny days. The nights can still be quite cool until the end of April.

Mount whose highest peak is close to 250 meters high, located in the front-south part of the Sierra de Orihuela. It is a limestone massif that has cavities, caves and shelters distributed throughout its surface. The so-called “Cueva del Calor” stands out for its length, currently with a very narrow entrance due to collapses and collapses of limestone blocks, and that with its several hundred meters long, it is said that it descended from the top of Monte de San Miguel to the base of the Sierra, in the vicinity of the Segura river.

It is linked to the Sierra de Orihuela by a small mound or hill called Cerro del Oriolet.

At its top are the ruins of the castle of Orihuela and in a lower plain, the Diocesan Seminary of San Miguel.

At the foot of this mountain there were the old thermal baths of San Antón, in the neighborhood of the same name, which are fed by an underground spring that runs under the Monte de San Miguel, whose geothermal character is manifested when surfacing on the surface with a temperature close to 25 ° C. The high salinity of this water prevents its consumption, and it was used for the use of the spa and the irrigation of the nearby palm grove of Orihuela.

The layout of the mountain has irremediably marked the urban layout of the city of Orihuela, being one of the most important geographical landmarks next to the Segura river itself.



CONCEJALÍA DE DEPORTES
Alcalde Vicente Escudero, 2
03300 Orihuela
Contact Numbers
Palacio del Agua: 966 076 100 Extensiones 3400-3401
Oficinas Clequali Orihuela: 687 666 665
CDM Playas de Orihuela: 603 749 826

Emails
Concejalía de Deportes: deportes@orihuela.es
Deporte Escolar: deporteescolar@orihuela.es
Ofi. Clequali Orihuela: deportes.orihuela@serveforyou.es
CDM Playas de Orihuela: recepcionorihuela@vectoris.es Revista: revistadxtsorihuela@gmail.com
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